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SHIPPING - INDISPENSABLE TO THE WORLD & INDIAN SHIPPING - INTEGRAL TO INTERNATIONAL SHIPPING

National Maritime Day Celebrations (Central) NMDC is celebrating the World Maritime Day on 28th September, 2016 the theme being -- “Shipping: indispensable to the world.” Mr. AJIT SINGH, Consul General of the Republic of Singapore at Mumbai has kindly consented to grace the occasion as the Chief Guest. Welcome address will be by Mr. Deepak Shetty, IRS, Chairman of the NMDC and Director General of Shipping & Secretary to the Govt. of India. Message of Mr. Kitack Lim, Secretary General, International Maritime Organization, on the occasion of the ‘World Maritime Day — 2016’ would be read out at the function. Mr. Neeraj Bansal, IRS, Deputy Chairman, Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust will deliver Keynote address. Presentations will be made by Mr. Ninad Karpe, Deputy Chairman, Western Region, CII and Capt. Yashoverman Sharma, Director of True North Competence Management & Ex-Head of International Maritime Training Centre [IMTC]. Capt. B. B. Sinha, Chairman of the National Maritime Day Celebrations (Organizing) Committee will give the Vote of thanks.
BSN is connecting the theme to the Vedic concept. The truth, the virtue and the beauty, parallel to Then, Now and Tomorrow of Indian and international shipping to this concept called SATYAM SHIVAM SUNDARAM.
SATYAM or truth is that: “Shipping is Indispensable to the world”.
The theme was chosen to focus on the critical
link between shipping and global society and to raise awareness of the relevance of the role of International Maritime Organisation (IMO), the global regulatory body for international shipping. The importance of shipping to support and sustain today’s global society, gives significance to IMO’s work far beyond the industry itself.
What is the relevance of maritime? Or what is the stated truth?
According to the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), around 80 per cent of global trade by volume and over 70 per cent of global trade by value are carried by sea and are handled by ports worldwide. These shares are even higher in the case of most developing countries.
Seaborne trade continues to expand, bringing

benefits for consumers across the world through competitive freight costs.
The world fleet is registered in over 150 nations and manned by more than a million seafarers of virtually every nationality on more than 50,000 merchant ships trading internationally transporting every kind of cargo.
Over the past 50 years and more, IMO has developed global regulations covering maritime safety, environmental protection, legal matters and other areas. Under this regulatory framework, shipping has become progressively safer, more efficient and more environment-friendly.
India is no less. It has its own incredible legacy. To state the simple facts, with a coastline of 7500 km and 1200 island territories, India is and always has been a maritime nation. India’s central location in the IOR (Indian Ocean Region) has connected us with other cultures, shaped our maritime trade routes and influenced India’s strategic thought. For example, Lothal in Gujarat was one of the earliest seaports in the world and our ancient Sanskrit texts refer to oceans as the storehouse of Chaturdashanam Ratnam: the 14 gems. Incidentally, the coveted Samudra Manthan Awards also has 14 categories that relate to the 14 gems. 90% of India’s trade by volume and 90% of our oil imports are carried on the seas. India has also been a provider of security and force for stability in the region.
Union shipping minister Shri Nitin Gadkari says: “We live in a world where the strategic and economic pivots are shifting to make the Indo-Pacific generally and the Indian Ocean Region more specifically the centre stage of virtually every major power. However, while the attention of other countries on IOR is fairly recent, India has maintained trade and civilizational links with other countries in the region since time immemorial. These links were developed without recourse to military conquest, instead it happened by people-to- people engagements.”
There was “The unfortunate disruption of our links as imperial powers established their colonies and shifted the focus of our economies, our trading patterns and even our cultural discourse, away from each other to one directed towards the colonial powers. Our mutually beneficial economic and cultural networks got so extensively disrupted that they could not be fully re-established even after our country got independence,” Gadkari says.
The minister exhorts that this needs to change so that countries of the region can become the masters of their fate once again, not dictated by superior military powers from outside.
“Rather we should strive to develop peace and harmony amongst all stakeholders based on rules that we have drawn up ourselves,” he says.
Let us draw your attention to our hon’ble Prime Minister of India Shri Narendra Modi’s statement who said that Blue Chakra of India’s national flag represents the potential of the Blue Economy and Indian shipping ministry is committed to realize its full potential.

NOW, THE SHIVAM, VIRTUE – GOODNESS
By the virtue of the long coastline and
blessed tradition, India has many things to boast about.
There are 12 Major Ports in the Country
— Kandla, Mumbai, JNPT, Marmugao, New Mangalore, Cochin, Chennai, Ennore, V O Chidambarnar, Visakhapatnam, Paradip and Kolkata (including Haldia) — which handle over 60 per cent of India’s total cargo traffic.
There are 200 Minor Ports in the States of — Maharashtra ( 48 ) , Gujarat (42), Tamil Nadu (15), Karnataka (10), Kerala (17), Andhra Pradesh (12), Odisha (13), Goa (5), West Bengal (1), Daman and Diu (2), Lakshadweep (10), Pondicherry (2) and Andaman & Nicobar (23).
The Central Government is also developing three new ports at Wadhavan, Dhanu in Maharashtra, Sagar in West Bengal and Colachel in Tamil Nadu.
According to latest economic survey of 2015-16 sources state, cargo traffic at all ports increased by 1.1 per cent during the first six months of the financial year (April-September).
It increased by 4.1 per cent at Major Ports but declined 1 per cent at the Non-Major Ports, as compared with the same period in 2014-15. The States Navratnas have also delivered positive results.
Shipping today demands considerable skill, knowledge and expertise – attributes that simply cannot all be learnt through work experience or on-the-job learning. And, as a truly international industry, shipping needs a global network of specialist education and training establishments to ensure a consistent stream of high-calibre recruits.
Government of India’s initiatives such as Make in India, Skill India, Digital India, Swachh Bharat Abhiyan and Start up India are opening up opportunities for even more accelerated growth in this industry.
A single window system for facilitating trade has been implemented and 24x7 customs clearance facilities are implemented in 19 sea ports and 17 air cargo complexes already.
Moreover, India has maritime clusters that are to be one of focal points for economic development along India’s coastline.

THE FUTURE, SUNDARAM.
The FUTURE is BEAUTY or SUNDARAM. The
Maritime sector in India is confident of a major growth in next five years. The Government’s vision for Maritime sector includes increasing India’s share in Global Shipping to five per cent, double the capacity of Indian Ports, establish New Ports and Transshipment Hubs and increase cargo movement on national water ways four times in five years.
Future of world maritime industry and Indian shipping is looking bright as world over logistics and shipping is evolving. In India, focus of new government is on modernization, Make in India, empowering entrepreneurs, development of waterways and ports for it will expand economic growth in next five years in the areas of Coastal Shipping, Solarization of ports, Shipbuilding and Port sector development with State owned and Private ports association.
The Sagarmala Programme envisions India’s ports as drivers of economic development in coastal areas.
Implementing a project of such scale and achieving the desired impact calls for many interventions at the regulatory level, coordination between multiple stakeholders, and ascertaining alternative measures. The McKinsey report commissioned by the government suggests key government imperatives for success of Sagarmala.
1. A cost effective funding plan for implementing the program
2. A robust environment for Public Private
Partnerships
3. Transparent business friendly and stable regulations policy
4. Creating an enabling environment for attracting investors into port led development industrialization projects
5. Setting up the right institutional architecture for delivering the Sagarmala program, including Setting up Sagarmala Development Company and liaising with other stakeholders e.g line ministries and state governments.
India has decided to benchmark performance of major ports to the best in category international ports and learn from international best practises. For example, India’s port in Haldia uses bio-diesel, while ports in Tuticorn, Ennore and Chennai use solar and wind power which reduces logistics cost resulting in growth and jobs.

THE SATYAM, SHIVAM AND SUNDARAM IS HERE
As a result of all efforts, all ports and companies
under Shipping Ministry are now in profits (net profit to be INR 3000 crore).
India also believes in neighbourhood and the Indian Ocean littoral can be partners in India’s growth story to fuel their own economic growth and bring sustainability to the IOR. Therefore, beyond the Sagarmala, India is also committed to building infrastructure in other littoral countries to create onward connectivity from India. India has established a Special Purpose Vehicle to take up maritime projects overseas. India has also signed a coastal shipping agreement with Bangladesh and are developing the Chahbahar port in Iran, which would act as the gateway to the world not only for Afghanistan but also for the Central Asian Republics.
India is currently going through a phase of rapid transformation under PM Modi’s leadership and it is an exciting time to partner with the country. Make in India, Smart Cities, Clean India, Skill India- these are all initiatives that can resonate and be replicated to varying degrees in littoral countries. India is offering our regional satellite navigation system NavIC to its neighbours, sharing capacity enhancement in digital space, linking centres of higher education and research across the SAARC countries and meeting growing demands for quality healthcare from surrounding regions.
And the BEAUTY (SUNDARAM) or TOMORROW is that these are all initiatives for stepping up India’s growth story, and can very well be a vehicle for strengthening partnership in the region. The moot point: - None of us can grow in isolation, and building synergies has always been a win-win situation for all partners. That is what exactly IMO is also saying -- SHIPPING - INDISPENSABLE TO THE WORLD.
And Bhandarkar Shipping News is connecting IMO’s theme into the concept we discussed earlier -- INDIAN SHIPPING - INTEGRAL TO INTERNATIONAL SHIPPING.
“India world view of Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam– concept of whole world as a family – is perhaps most acutely experienced
on oceans. The Indian Ocean has always been about diversity and pluralism, different cultures and civilizations, and political and economic systems that found ways to co- habit and complement each other through connectivity, trade and enhancement of synergies. Our government’s Project Mausam is aimed at revisiting these ancient maritime routes and cultural links with other countries in the region,” Gadkari says.

Let us tell you Indian Ocean is critical to the future of the world. Its waters touch the shores of over 40 countries and nearly 40% of the world population. Two-thirds of the world’s oil shipments and one-third of the bulk cargo cross the Indian Ocean. Our future cannot be a zero-sum game. IOR is our common maritime home and our vision for this region is best summarized in the Hon’ble Prime-Minister’s phrase of SAGAR- Security and Growth for All in the Region.

To conclude, let us quote Gadkari, one of the most enterprising shipping ministers: India is committed to use our capabilities and central location in the region to ensure a safe, secure and stable Indian Ocean Region that takes us all to the shore of prosperity.



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